Tourmaline is a crystal boron silicate mineral compounded with elements such as aluminium, iron, magnesium, sodium, lithium, or potassium. Tourmaline is classified as a semi-precious stone and the gemstone comes in a wide variety of colors. The name comes from the Sinhalese word "Thuramali" or "Thoramalli” which applied to different gemstones found in Sri Lanka.
Color Most commonly black, but can range from brown, violet, green, pink, or in a dual-colored pink and green.
Crystal habit Parallel and elongated. Acicular prisms, sometimes radiating. Massive. Scattered grains (in granite).
Crystal system Trigonal
Fracture Uneven, small conchoidal, brittle
Mohs scale hardness 7–7.5
Luster Vitreous, sometimes resinous
Specific gravity 3.06 (+.20 -.06)
Polish luster Vitreous
Optical properties Double refractive, uniaxial negative
Refractive index nω=1.635–1.675, nε=1.610–1.650
Birefringence -0.018 to -0.040; typically about .020 but in dark stones it may reach .040
Pleochroism typically moderate to strong
Red Tourmaline: Definite; dark red,light red
Green Tourmaline: Strong; dark green, yellow-green
Brown Tourmaline: Definite; dark brown, light brown
Blue Tourmaline: Strong; dark blue, light blue
Ultraviolet fluorescence pink stones—inert to very weak red to violet in long and short wave.
Absorption spectra a strong narrow band at 498 nm, and almost complete absorption of red down to 640nm in blue and green stones; red and pink stones show lines at 458 and 451nm as well as a broad band in the green spectrum.
THE MEANING OF TOURMALINE
Enhances flexibility, happiness, objectivity, compassion, serenity, balance, positive transformation, healing, strength, tolerance, love, spirituality, joy, peace, understanding..
Tourmaline is a wonderful stone, with a color for each of the main Chakras. Excellent channeling stone for communication with higher forces. Tourmaline helps to break up energy blockages, which we mentally experience as anxiety, stress or confusion.
Tourmaline helps you to move beyond limited thinking, to an expanded sense of reality, and see past experiences in new ways. It teaches us that we are light beings in physical form, and helps us to experience the physical and spiritual worlds as one.
Pink Tourmaline is a good choice for children recovering from abuse, and healing the inner child. Brings deep comforting love energy. Transforms negative behavior into positive. Love, spirituality, joy, peace, understanding. Emotional and spiritual love, healing emotional loss and emotional pain, fear, instills self-gentleness (especially with severe illness like cancer, emphysema, etc.). Most powerful when combined with Kunzite or Rhodocrosite. Self-love, compassion, release of old hurts. Trust. Corresponds to the heart Chakra and crown Chakra, and the astrological sign of Libra. Pink tourmaline is a fertility (child) stone.
Black Tourmaline: Protects against negativity. Powerfully deflects/shields against unwanted or dark energies, (anger, resentment, or jealousy) especially for sensitive people. Encourages intellectual thought, vitality. Corresponds to the root Chakra, and the astrological sign of Capricorn.
Blue Tourmaline: Communication, psychic awareness, peace, balance, eloquence and emotional purification. Wonderful for aligning with higher self for deep insight, vision, intuition. Corresponds to the throat and third-eye chakras, and corresponds to the astrological signs of Libra and Taurus.
Green Tourmaline: Creativity, prosperity, abundance, compassion. Represents life
Rubellite (dark pink) Tourmaline: Creativity, love, devotion. Unites heart and body for love, courage, passion, energy, stamina, steadiness. High lithium content (thus pink/red color) brings emotional balance, lovingness, devotion in a down-to-earth way. . Releases reproductive Chakra blocks; stimulates fertility. Used to strengthen and detoxes blood and immune system and to ease radiation effects Corresponds to the root and heart chakras, and the astrological signs of Sagittarius and Scorpio.
Watermelon Tourmaline: (Red/pink and green) Brings together compassion, emotional and spiritual love (light pink) expressed in the physical heart Chakra. Activates the heart Chakra. Excels for immune system and life-threatening illnesses. Balances metabolism, endocrine system.. Empowers other tourmalines. Corresponds to the astrological signs of Virgo and Gemini.
BROWN TOURMALINE is grounding, encourages stability and practicality.
YELLOW TOURMALINE brings heightened intelligence and spiritual awareness.
Black Tourmaline crystals inside of clear crystals. Balances and unites conscious with subconscious, male with female, spirit with matter, heaven with earth. Brings harmony to any polarity and brings moderation and unity to all situations.
Enhances flexibility, happiness, objectivity, compassion, serenity, balance, positive transformation, healing, strength, tolerance, and understanding. inspiration, confidence. Balances male/female energies and the mind.
Physical Healing Properties:
Especially for nervous system; blood/lymph toxins, Neutralizes fears, resentment, neurosis, obsessions, intestinal or spine energy blocks, toxins, constipation., neuralgia, migraine, burns , lungs, asthma, Arthritis, pain, swelling and immobility. Lower back pain